- A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent
appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed.
- A solemn affirmation, connected with a sacred object, or one
regarded as sacred, as the temple, the altar, the blood of Abel, the
Bible, the Koran, etc.
- An appeal (in verification of a statement made) to a superior
sanction, in such a form as exposes the party making the appeal to an
indictment for perjury if the statement be false.
- A careless and blasphemous use of the name of the divine
Being, or anything divine or sacred, by way of appeal or as a profane
exclamation or ejaculation; an expression of profane swearing.