- Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes,
- A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a
mark to denote aspiration; a breathing.
- Life, or living substance, considered independently of
corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any
physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy,
as distinct from matter.
- The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the
soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides; the agent or
subject of vital and spiritual functions, whether spiritual or
- Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it
has left the body.
- Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a
specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an elf.
- Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc.
- One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great
activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper; as, a ruling
spirit; a schismatic spirit.
- Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or
disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the plural; as,
to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be downhearted, or in bad
- Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to
formal statement; also, characteristic quality, especially such as is
derived from the individual genius or the personal character; as, the
spirit of an enterprise, of a document, or the like.
- Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed of
- Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol,
the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from
wine): -- often in the plural.
- Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors
having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors.
- A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf.
- Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac,
quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment).
- Stannic chloride. See under Stannic. - To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to
inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private
men; -- sometimes followed by up.
- To convey rapidly and secretly, or mysteriously, as if
by the agency of a spirit; to kidnap; -- often with away, or off.